Just-in-Time — Philosophy of complete elimination of waste Just-in-Time "Just-in-Time" means making "only what is needed, when it is needed, and in the amount needed.
Toyota Production System Synonym s: TPS The production system developed by Toyota Motor Corporation to provide best quality, lowest cost, and shortest lead time through the elimination of waste. TPS is maintained and improved through iterations of standardized work and kaizen, following PDCA, or the scientific method.
Beginning in machining operations and spreading from there, Ohno led the development of TPS at Toyota throughout the s and s, and the dissemination to the supply base through the s and s. The concepts of just-in-time JIT and jidoka both have their roots in the prewar period.
Sakichi Toyoda, founder of the Toyota group of companies, invented the concept of jidoka in the early 20th Century by incorporating a device on his automatic looms that would stop the loom from operating whenever a thread broke. This enabled great improvements in quality and freed people to do more valuecreating work than simply monitoring machines for quality.
Eventually, this simple concept found its way into every machine, every production line, and every Toyota operation. Kiichiro Toyoda, son of Sakichi and founder of the Toyota automobile business, developed the concept of JIT in the s.
He decreed that Toyota operations would contain no excess inventory and that Toyota would strive to work in partnership with suppliers to level production.
Widespread recognition of TPS as the model production system grew rapidly with the publication in of The Machine That Changed the World, the result of five years of research led by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
The MIT researchers found that TPS was so much more effective and efficient than traditionalmass production that it represented a completely new paradigm and coined the term lean production to indicate this radically different approach to production.What is Lean?
Lean management is an approach to running an organisation that supports the concept of continuous improvement. It is an ongoing effort to improve products, services, or processes, which require “incremental” improvement over time in order to increase efficiency and quality.
The Toyota Way: 14 Principles → The Toyota Way is not the Toyota Production System.
(TPS). The 14 Principles of the Toyota Way is a management philosophy used by the Toyota corporation that includes TPS, also known as lean manufacturing.
TPS is the most systematic and highly developed example of what the principles of the Toyota Way can accomplish. Residential Study Visit: Whether you are embarking on a cultural transformation, relaunching lean journey or simply adding to your practical knowledge of lean management – this two-day study visits and workshop provides a unique immersion into the Toyota Production System (TPS) at Toyota.
The Toyota Production System (TPS) combines attitudes, themes and specific techniques into an integrated socio-technical system for manufacturing. In order to produce world-class, quality automobiles at competitive price levels, Toyota has developed an integrated approach to production which manages equipment, materials, and people in the most efficient manner while ensuring a healthy and safe work environment.
Toyota Production System (TPS) is a management system which aims for reduction of waste in every process, activity and workplace. Waste reduction enables enterprise reduce quality costs and improve value for the customer.