This page contains a list of dinosaur names with pictures and information. Here you can learn about the many different kinds of dinosaur that existed in the Mesozoic Era.
Pterosaurs are distantly related to dinosaurs, being members of the clade Ornithodira. The other groups mentioned are, like dinosaurs, members of Sauropsida the Dinosaurs dinosaur and bird cladewith the exception of Dimetrodon which is a synapsid.
Definition Triceratops skeleton, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County Under phylogenetic nomenclaturedinosaurs are usually defined as the group consisting of the most recent common ancestor MRCA of Triceratops and Neornithesand all its descendants.
In traditional taxonomy, birds were considered a separate class that had evolved from dinosaurs, a distinct superorder. However, a majority of contemporary paleontologists concerned with dinosaurs reject the traditional style of classification in favor of phylogenetic Dinosaurs dinosaur this approach requires that, for a group to be natural, all descendants of members of the group must be included in the group as well.
Birds are thus considered to be dinosaurs and dinosaurs are, therefore, not extinct. Norman, and Paul M. Barrett in suggested a radical revision of dinosaurian systematics.
Phylogenetic analysis by Baron et al.
They resurrected the clade Ornithoscelida to refer to the group containing Ornithischia and Theropoda. Dinosauria itself was re-defined as the last common ancestor of Triceratops horridusPasser domesticusDiplodocus carnegiiand all of its descendants, to ensure that sauropods and kin remain included as dinosaurs.
Using one of the above definitions, dinosaurs can be generally described as archosaurs with hind limbs held erect beneath the body. Other groups of animals were restricted in size and niches; mammals, for example, rarely exceeded the size of a domestic cat, and were generally rodent-sized carnivores of small prey.
While dinosaurs were ancestrally bipedal as are all modern birdssome prehistoric species were quadrupeds, and others, such as Anchisaurus and Iguanodoncould walk just as easily on two or four legs.
Cranial modifications like horns and crests are common dinosaurian traits, and some extinct species had bony armor. Although known for large size, many Mesozoic dinosaurs were human-sized or smaller, and modern birds are generally small in size.
Dinosaurs today inhabit every continent, and fossils show that they had achieved global distribution by at least the early Jurassic period. Although some later groups of dinosaurs featured further modified versions of these traits, they are considered typical for Dinosauria; the earliest dinosaurs had them and passed them on to their descendants.
Such modifications, originating in the most recent common ancestor of a certain taxonomic group, are called the synapomorphies of such a group. Some of these are also present in silesauridswhich Nesbitt recovered as a sister group to Dinosauria, including a large anterior trochanter, metatarsals II and IV of subequal length, reduced contact between ischium and pubis, the presence of a cnemial crest on the tibia and of an ascending process on the astragalus, and many others.
However, because they are either common to other groups of archosaurs or were not present in all early dinosaurs, these features are not considered to be synapomorphies. For example, as diapsidsdinosaurs ancestrally had two pairs of temporal fenestrae openings in the skull behind the eyesand as members of the diapsid group Archosauria, had additional openings in the snout and lower jaw.
These include an elongated scapulaor shoulder blade; a sacrum composed of three or more fused vertebrae three are found in some other archosaurs, but only two are found in Herrerasaurus ;  and a perforate acetabulumor hip socket, with a hole at the center of its inside surface closed in Saturnaliafor example.
Dinosaurs may have appeared as early as million years ago, as evidenced by remains of the genus Nyasasaurus from that period, though known fossils of these animals are too fragmentary to tell if they are dinosaurs or very close dinosaurian relatives.
The terrestrial habitats were occupied by various types of archosauromorphs and therapsidslike cynodonts and rhynchosaurs.Dinosaurs once roamed here. Their fantastic remains are still visible embedded in the rocks.
Today, the mountains, desert and untamed rivers flowing in deep canyons, support an array of life. Petroglyphs hint at earlier cultures. Later, homesteaders and outlaws found refuge here.
Whether your. — Brett Molina, USA TODAY, "Fossil of first giant dinosaur, dubbed Ingentia prima, found in Argentina," 11 July Bad news for fans of Costco’s food court: the Polish hot dog is going the way of the dinosaur.
Forget Times Square! Join the fun as we ring in the New Year with a day long celebration of dinosaurs from around the world! We’ll be popping the cork every time starts in another dinosaur’s time zone.
Meet cool dinosaurs from the far reaches of the globe and . We start our list of dinosaurs with Abelisaurus, a predatory theropod dinosaur of the late Cretaceous Period.
Abelisaurus was a medium-sized, bipedal* dinosaur that was probably between 7 and 9 metres (23 and 29 ft.) in length.
Dinosaurs Among Us. The evolution of life on Earth is full of amazing episodes. But one story that really captures the imagination is the transition from the familiar, charismatic dinosaurs that dominated the planet for around million years into a new, small, airborne form: birds.
PBS KIDS: Dinosaur Games More Games Dinosaur Train Air Show. Join the dinosaur air show! Play Now! Caillou Caillou the Paleontologist.
Dinosaur Train Playdate. Dinosaurs, Winning + Losing, Friendship, Problem Solving, Competition. Go on a playdate with Buddy, Tiny, Don, and Shiny! Dinosaur .