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Definition Bullying synonyms There is no universal definition of bullying, however, it is widely agreed upon that bullying is a subcategory of aggressive behavior characterized by the following three minimum criteria: The Norwegian researcher Dan Olweus  says bullying occurs when a person is "exposed, repeatedly and over time, to negative actions on the part of one or more other persons".
He says negative actions occur "when a person intentionally inflicts injury or discomfort upon another person, through physical contact, through words or in other ways. Physical, verbal, and relational bullying are most prevalent in primary school and could also begin much earlier whilst continuing into later stages in individuals lives.
It is stated that Cyber-bullying is more common in secondary school than in primary school. Stealing, shoving, hitting, fighting, and destroying property all are types of physical bullying. Physical bullying is rarely the first form of bullying that a target will experience. Often bullying will begin in a different form and later progress to physical violence.
In physical bullying the main weapon the bully uses is their body when attacking their target. Sometimes groups of young adults will target and alienate a peer because of some adolescent prejudice. This can quickly lead to a situation where they are being taunted, tortured, and beaten-up by their classmates.
Physical bullying will often escalate over time, and can lead to a tragic ending, and therefore must be stopped quickly to prevent any further escalation. Calling names, spreading rumors, threatening somebody, and making fun of others are all forms of verbal bullying.
Verbal bullying is one of the most common types of bullying. In verbal bullying the main weapon the bully uses is their voice. In many cases, verbal bullying is the province of girls. Girls are more subtle and can be more devastatingin general, than boys. Girls use verbal bullying, as well as social exclusion techniques, to dominate and control other individuals and show their superiority and power.
However, there are also many boys with subtlety enough to use verbal techniques for domination, and who are practiced in using words when they want to avoid the trouble that can come with physically bullying someone else.
Relational Bullying is a form of bullying common amongst youth, but particularly upon girls. Relational bullying can be used as a tool by bullies to both improve their social standing and control others.
Unlike physical bullying which is obvious, relational bullying is not overt and can continue for a long time without being noticed. When an adult is involved, it may meet the definition of cyber-harassment or cyberstalking, a crime that can have legal consequences and involve jail time.
Collective Collective bullying tactics are employed by more than one individual against a target or targets. Trolling behavior on social media, although generally assumed to be individual in nature by the casual reader, is sometime organized efforts by sponsored astroturfers.
Mobbing Mobbing refers to the bullying of an individual by a group, in any context, such as a familypeer groupschoolworkplaceneighborhoodcommunityor online. Please help to create a more balanced presentation.
Discuss and resolve this issue before removing this message. May Of bullies and accomplices Studies have shown that envy and resentment may be motives for bullying. Because they think too highly of themselves, they are frequently offended by the criticisms and lack of deference of other people, and react to this disrespect with violence and insults.
Cook says that "a typical bully has trouble resolving problems with others and also has trouble academically. In many cases, it is the bully's ability to create the illusion that he or she has the support of the majority present that instills the fear of "speaking out" in protestation of the bullying activities being observed by the group.
Unless the "bully mentality" is effectively challenged in any given group in its early stages, it often becomes an accepted, or supported, norm within the group. Cook says that "A typical victim is likely to be aggressive, lack social skills, think negative thoughts, experience difficulties in solving social problems, come from a negative family, school and community environments and be noticeably rejected and isolated by peers".
They may also have physical characteristics that make them easier targets for bullies such as being overweight or having some type of physical deformity.Get latest on all things healthy with fun workout tips, nutrition information, and medical content. Whether you love yoga, running, strength training, or outdoor adventure, we've got advice to.
School bullying is a type of bullying that occurs in any educational setting.. For an act to be considered bullying it must meet certain criteria. This includes hostile intent, . When adults respond quickly and consistently to bullying behavior they send the message that it is not acceptable.
Research shows this can stop bullying behavior over time. Moved Permanently. The document has moved here. Cyber bullying statistics show that the modern technology such as the internet and mobile devices can really post a great danger to children and teens alike. Our world has grown increasingly connected through the internet and this has been particularly for good reasons such as trade and socialization.
Anti-bullying - a lesson "The lesson can be used for Anti-Bullying Week ( November) or as a stand-alone lesson. Students will learn about the problem of bullies and how to .