Email Those trying to lose weight are often told to not skip breakfast.
How to cite this article: Musingo and Lihong Wang, Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 8: For example, eating disorders create a variety of medical conditions that occur more frequently in the college-age population as published by Grace, For college students, especially those attending Historically Black Colleges and Universities HBCUthese conditions are key factors that may have a lasting impact not only on their academic achievements while in school, but also on their professional performances before and after graduation.
In a study of the relationship between habitual sleep duration and eating disorders in college students, indicated that short-sleepers were five times more likely to exhibit abnormal eating patterns than long-sleepers Hicks and Rozette, Another researcher used the National College Health Risk Behavior Survey as an instrument to collect and analyze data related to six health-status categories, including dietary behaviors of HBCU students Fennell, The results of this study indicated that women were significantly more likely than men to view themselves as overweight and more than one third of them were trying to lose weight.
However, this study focused on health status, e. Nutrition education is one approach used to increase nutrition knowledge that can promote healthy dietary behaviors. However, a quasi-experimental study of high school students indicated that although nutrition education improves knowledge of nutrition, it does not greatly influence the food choices Anderson et al.
A graduate student obtained the same result using data collected on black university students Unaegbu, Another researcher reported that the media are responsible for perpetuating the notion that being very thin is both healthy and beautiful Ryan, This may explain why a growing number of college students, especially females, are mostly concerned about their physical appearance at the expense of their health.
For example, these students may try to adopt some attitudes and eating behaviors to control and reduce their body weight through unbalanced and ill-conceived diets by avoiding all high energy food products, skipping breakfast, giving up milk, fruits and vegetables and eating far too little at every meal.
Two more researchers who studied the health behaviors of HBCU undergraduate students enrolled in health education classes indicated that most students do not eat breakfast, have a diet that is not nutritionally balanced and are usually not involved in daily physical activity Ford and Goode, Although breakfast is considered the most important meal of the day, the gender seems to make a significant difference.
Females skip breakfast three times more often than males, mainly because they do not have time and are not hungry in the morning Shaw, However, the results of the study were not consistent with prior findings showing that males and young children, especially those from low-income families, are more frequent breakfast-skippers that other groups due to lack of money and food McIntyre, Breakfast-skipping not only is associated with lower total energy intake and worse intake of various vitamins and minerals, but this abstinence is not compensated by other nutrient intakes during the rest of the day Nicklas et al.
Another published study indicated that breakfast-skippers are more likely to eat foods that are high in fat and sodium content, such as high-fat snacks, which often result in higher cholesterol levels Resnicow, Based on the literature review showing very scarce information on eating habits of college students at HBCU, we decided to conduct a study to analyze eating habits according to socio-demographic characteristics of college students.
The survey instrument used to collect data was a item nutrition questionnaire, which included not only the above socio-demographic characteristics, but also a series of multiple-choice and open-end questions that assessed various eating habits of the students, in terms of the type and frequency of the food consumed.
The questionnaire was completed during regular class period by students from the Colleges of Nursing, Pharmacy and Agricultural Sciences, who were enrolled in nutrition classes.
Responses to all eating habit questions, except the number of meals and snacks consumed daily, were nominal variables coded as Yes or No to facilitate the cross-tabulation and bivariate analysis of the data.
The cross-tabulations of each eating habit by gender, residential status and academic classification resulted in a series of contingency tables in which the rows identified the categories pertaining to various eating habits and the columns identified the categories of each socio-demographic characteristic.
For these nominal variables, chi-square x2 was the statistical technique used for testing whether there are significant differences in each eating habit according to socio-demographic characteristics of the FAMU students.
For the two quantitative variables, i. The simplest method for looking at relationships between nominal variables in a two-way classification of the data is to compare the percentages based on the row totals, the column totals or the overall total Ott, Using this method, the eating habit entries frequencies for nominal variables are reported in Table 1 as percentages of the column total, showing the relative number of times each eating habit occurred within each socio-demographic category.
For the two quantitative variables, the eating habit entries are reported as average number of meals and snacks consumed daily. Eating meals and snacks daily: As shown in Table 1the average number of meals consumed per student daily was 2.
The results also show that the average number of meals consumed daily is slightly higher among students who are males, living off campus and academically classified as sophomores or seniors.
As shown in Table 1however, these differences in the average number of meals and snacks consumed are not statistically significant according to the three socio-demographic characteristics of the students involved in this study. The most important meal of the day: The bivariate analysis of the data in Table 1 shows significant differences in breakfast eating habit according to gender and academic classification of the students.
According to these data, the percentage of breakfast eaters is significantly higher among females This cross-sectional, descriptive correlational research study describes the breakfast-eating habits of inner-city high school students.
Fifty-seven percent of students reported skipping breakfast on the day of the survey, despite the free hot-breakfast program at their high school. Significantly more girls than boys skipped breakfast, and .
We will write a custom essay sample on Breakfast Eating Habits – UK – April Report by Researchmoz specifically for you for only $ $/page. Order now Breakfast Eating Habit: A Statisical Research Project ; Importance of Eating Breakfast ;.
Statista is an indispensable resource for our students and faculty for quickly locating key statistics to inform and illustrate their research and teaching. Peter McKay, University of Florida. The purpose of this study was to analyze eating habits according to socio-demographic characteristics of college students.
The study used a convenience sample of students attending Florida A and M University (FAMU), a Historically Black College and University (HBCU) institution located in.
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